Cacti is a round-robin database (RRD) tool that helps create graphs from
database information and is available on multiple Linux distributions.
Cacti contains an input validation error in the top_graph_header.php
script that allows an attacker to include arbitrary PHP code from remote
sites. This in effect allows arbitrary code execution with the
privileges of the web server. The vulnerability specifically exists due
to the script trusting a user supplied library_path variable. The
following example demonstrates how this might be exploited:
In this way, the files http://attackersite.com/include/html_tree.php
and http://attackersite.com/include/rrd.php will be included and
executed on the vulnerable server.
Successful exploitation of this vulnerability allows a remote attacker
to gain shell access with the privileges of the web server. An attacker
can then attempt to escalate privileges using local exploits, possibly
allowing a full root compromise.
iDEFENSE has confirmed the existence of this vulnerability on Cacti
0.8.6d. Earlier versions are suspected vulnerable. The following vendors
include susceptible Cacti packages within their respective operating
The FreeBSD Project
Novell Inc. (SuSE)
Debian also includes a package for Cacti, however, it is an older,
Require authentication to access the Cacti installation. Restrict access
to web servers using Cacti to only trusted hosts.
Cacti 0.8.6e has been released to address this vulnerability and is
available for download at:
Release notes for Cacti 0.8.6e can be found at:
The Common Vulnerabilities and Exposures (CVE) project has assigned the
name CAN-2005-1524 to this issue. This is a candidate for inclusion in
the CVE list (http://cve.mitre.org), which standardizes names for
05/12/2005 Initial vendor notification
05/12/2005 Initial vendor response
06/22/2005 Coordinated public disclosure
Maciej Piotr Falkiewicz and an anonymous researcher are credited with
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