WordPad is a word processing application that uses the MFC rich edit
control classes. It is installed by default on most Windows platforms,
and contains filters for converting from other filetypes into RTF
(Rich Text Format).
Remote exploitation of a buffer overflow vulnerability in Microsoft
Corp.'s Word 6.0/95 Document Converter could allow attackers to exploit
arbitrary code under the privileges of the target user.
The Microsoft Word 6.0/95 Document Converter (MSWRD632.WPC) is a module
that is utilized by WordPad and potentially other applications to
convert Microsoft Word format files into the Rich Text Format natively
handled by WordPad. The module is installed by default in
C:Program FilesCommon FilesMicrosoft SharedTextConv
The problem specifically exists when a specially crafted file is
opened by WordPad or another application that utilizes the vulnerable
library and results in a buffer overflow. The overflow is caused by
copying a length tagged segment of a file into a fixed length stack
buffer of smaller size. The following instruction sequence is found
0150eba6 8bd1 mov edx, ecx
0150eba8 83e203 and edx, 0x3
0150ebab c1e902 shr ecx, 0x2
0150ebae f3a5 rep movsd edi, esi
This instruction sequence will copy bytes from the memory region
pointed to by ESI into the memory region pointed to by EDI. Due to a
lack of bounds checking, an overflow occurs directly overwriting the
stored return address and frame pointer on the stack and allowing for
the eventual execution of arbitrary code.
Successful exploitation allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary
code under the privileges of the target user that opened the malicious
document. WordPad, a vulnerable application, is installed by default
and will open WRI. If Microsoft Word is not installed, WordPad will
also be the default application for opening DOC and RTF files. On
some older Windows versions WordPad also opens TXT files over 65536
bytes files long.
In order for this vulnerability to be exploited, a user would need to
open an attacker-supplied file with a vulnerable application.
The following operating systems appear to be impacted by this
vulnerability in their default configuration:
Windows NT 4.0
iDEFENSE Labs has confirmed that MSWRD632.WPC, file version 19126.96.36.199
is vulnerable. Any application that utilizes this module to convert Word
documents may be considered vulnerable. This includes wordpad.exe, which
is the default application for opening files with the .wri extension,
and .doc and .rtf files if Microsoft Word is not installed.
It does not seem to be possible to exploit Microsoft Word itself with
this vulnerability, as it does not appear to use this library.
As this module comes with Windows by default, even if you have Word
installed, WordPad is still vulnerable to exploitation from files with
the .wri extension, or by opening an affected file from within WordPad.
User awareness is the best defense against this class of attack. Users
should be aware of the existence of such attacks and proceed with
caution when following links or opening attachments from suspicious
and/or unsolicited e-mail.
Alternatively, concerned users can remove the affected converter module,
MSWRD632.WPC. This will prevent the user from opening Word for Windows
files, but will still allow other supported file types to be opened such
as .txt or .rtf. However, the error will be handled gracefully and the
described vulnerability will no longer be exploitable.
This vulnerability is addressed in Microsoft Security Bulletin MS04-041
The Common Vulnerabilities and Exposures (CVE) project has assigned the
name CAN-2004-0901 to this issue. This is a candidate for inclusion
in the CVE list (http://cve.mitre.org), which standardizes names for
09/22/2004 Initial vendor notification
09/23/2004 Initial vendor response
12/14/2004 Coordinated public disclosure
This vulnerability was discovered by Lord Yup.
Get paid for vulnerability research
Copyright © 2004 Verisign, Inc.
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