Public Vulnerability Reports

Multiple Telnet Client env_opt_add() Buffer Overflow Vulnerability

03.28.05

BACKGROUND

The TELNET protocol allows virtual network terminals to be connected to
over the internet. The initial description of the telnet protocol was
given in RFC854 in May 1983. Since then there have been many extra
features added including encryption.

DESCRIPTION

Remote exploitation of a buffer overflow vulnerability in multiple
telnet clients could allow the execution of arbitrary code.

The vulnerability specifically exists in the env_opt_add() function of
telnet.c. A buffer of a fixed size (256 bytes) is allocated to store the
result of the processing this function performs on network input. If
this buffer is not large enough to contain the string, the buffer is
expanded by a further 256 bytes. This size is sufficient for most well
formed input, as the buffer passed as input to the affected function is
limited to the same size. However, due to the way the telnet protocol
escapes certain characters, it is possible to increase the length of the
output by including a large run of characters which need escaping. This
can allow the 256 byte input buffer to expand to a maximum of 512 bytes
in the allocated storage buffer. If, after expanding the buffer by 256
bytes, the buffer is still not large enough to contain the input, a heap
based buffer overflow occurs, which is exploitable on at least some
affected platforms.

ANALYSIS

Successful exploitation of this vulnerability could allow an attacker to
execute arbitrary commands in the context of the user who launched the
telnet client.

In order to exploit this vulnerability, an attacker would need to
convince the user to connect to their malicious server. It may be
possible to automatically launch the telnet command from a webpage, for
example:

<html><body>
<iframe src='telnet://malicious.server/'>
</body>

On opening this page the telnet client may be launched and attempt to
connect to the host 'malicious.server'.

DETECTION

iDEFENSE has confirmed the existance of the vulnerability in the telnet
client included in the Kerberos V5 Release 1.3.6 package and the client
included in the SUNWtnetc package of Solaris 5.9. It is suspected that
most BSD based telnet clients are affected by this vulnerability.

WORKAROUND

iDEFENSE is currently unaware of any effective workarounds for this
vulnerability.

VENDOR RESPONSE

The following vendors have provided official responses related to this
vulnerability. Other vendors may be affected but have not provided an
official response.

Vulnerable:

- ALT Linux
All supported ALT Linux distributions include telnet client derived from
OpenBSD 3.0. The env_opt_add() buffer overflow vulnerability is present
in all our telnet clients.  Updated packages with fixes for these issues
will be released on March 28, 2005.
http://lists.altlinux.ru/pipermail/security-announce/2005-March/000287.html

- Apple Computer, Inc.
Component:  Telnet
Available for: Mac OS X 10.3.8, Mac OS X Server 10.3.8
This is fixed in Security Update 2005-003, which is available at
http://docs.info.apple.com/article.html?artnum=61798

- FreeBSD
FreeBSD-SA-05:01.telnet security advisory:
ftp://ftp.freebsd.org/pub/FreeBSD/CERT/advisories/FreeBSD-SA-05:01.telnet.asc

- MIT (Kerberos)
This vulnerability is covered in the following upcoming advisory:
MITKRB5-SA-2005-001:
   http://web.mit.edu/kerberos/advisories/MITKRB5-SA-2005-001-telnet.txt
patch against krb5-1.4:
      http://web.mit.edu/kerberos/advisories/2005-001-patch_1.4.txt

- Openwall Project
The bugs are fixed starting with telnet package version 3.0-owl2.
   http://www.openwall.com/Owl/CHANGES-current.shtml

- Red Hat, Inc.
Red Hat Enterprise Linux ship with telnet and krb5 packages vulnerable
to this issue.  New telnet and krb5 packages are now available along
with our advisory at the URLs below and by using the Red Hat Network
'up2date' tool.
   Red Hat Enterprise Linux - telnet
      http://rhn.redhat.com/errata/RHSA-2005-330.html
   Red Hat Enterprise Linux - krb5
      http://rhn.redhat.com/errata/RHSA-2005-327.html

- Sun Microsystems Inc.
Sun confirms that the telnet(1) vulnerabilities do affect all
currently supported versions of Solaris:
   Solaris 7, 8, 9 and 10
Sun has released a Sun Alert which describes a workaround until patches
are available at:
   http://sunsolve.sun.com
   Sun Alert #57755 
The Sun Alert will be updated with the patch information once it becomes
available. Sun patches are available from:
   http://sunsolve.sun.com/securitypatch

Not Vulnerable:

- CyberSafe Limited
The CyberSafe TrustBroker products, version 3.0 or later, are not
vulnerable.

- Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P.
HP-UX and HP Tru64 UNIX are not vulnerable.

- InterSoft International, Inc.
InterSoft International, Inc. products NetTerm, SecureNetTerm and
SNetTerm are not affected by the env_opt_add() buffer overflow
conditions.

CVE INFORMATION

The Common Vulnerabilities and Exposures (CVE) project has assigned the
name CAN-2005-0468 to this issue. This is a candidate for inclusion
in the CVE list (http://cve.mitre.org), which standardizes names for
security problems.

DISCLOSURE TIMELINE

02/18/2005   Initial vendor notifications
03/28/2005   Coordinated public disclosure

CREDIT

Gaël Delalleau credited with this discovery.

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LEGAL NOTICES

Copyright © 2005 Verisign, Inc.

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