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Sun Java Runtime Environment AWT ImageRep Heap Buffer Overflow Vulnerability

11.03.09

BACKGROUND

The Sun Java Runtime Environment (JRE) is Sun Microsystems Inc.'s implementation of the Java run-time. The Abstract Window Toolkit (AWT) is a Java cross-platform set of classes for creating graphical user interface (GUI) applications. For more information, visit the links shown below.

http://www.sun.com/java/

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abstract_Window_Toolkit

DESCRIPTION

Remote exploitation of a heap-based buffer overflow vulnerability in Sun's Java Runtime Environment (JRE) allows attackers to execute arbitrary code with the privileges of the current user.

This vulnerability exists due to insufficient input validation when passing parameters from Java code into native methods. When specific methods within certain classes are overridden an attacker can pass values which lead to arbitrary control over a call to 'memcpy' in the underlying native code. This results in an exploitable heap buffer overflow condition.

ANALYSIS

Exploitation of this vulnerability results in the execution of arbitrary code with the privileges of the current user. In order to exploit this vulnerability, a user must load a web page containing a specially crafted Java applet. An attacker typically accomplishes this via social engineering or injecting content into compromised, trusted sites. Typical social engineering attacks will pass URLs as part of instant messages or electronic mail.

DETECTION

iDefense confirmed the existence of this vulnerability using version 1.6.0u15 of Sun's Java Runtime Environment on Windows XP. Tests were conducted using Internet Explorer 8 as well as Mozilla Firefox 3.5.2. Other versions, as well as those for other platforms, are suspected to be vulnerable.

WORKAROUND

In order to prevent exploitation of this vulnerability, iDefense recommends disabling the Java plug-in within the browser.

VENDOR RESPONSE

Sun Microsystems Inc. has released a patch which addresses this issue. For more information, consult their advisory at the following URL:

http://sunsolve.sun.com/search/document.do?assetkey=1-66-270474-1

CVE INFORMATION

The Common Vulnerabilities and Exposures (CVE) project has assigned the name CVE-2009-3871 to this issue. This is a candidate for inclusion in the CVE list (http://cve.mitre.org/), which standardizes names for security problems.

DISCLOSURE TIMELINE

08/27/2009 - Initial Contact
08/27/2009 - PoC Sent
11/03/2009 - Coordinated public disclosure

CREDIT

This vulnerability was reported to iDefense by regenrecht.

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LEGAL NOTICES

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