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AWStats Remote Command Execution Vulnerability

01.17.05

BACKGROUND

AWStats is a free tool that generates advanced web, ftp or mail server
statistics, graphically. More information about AWStats is available
from:

    http://awstats.sourceforge.net

DESCRIPTION

Remote exploitation of an input validation vulnerability in AWStats
allows attackers to execute arbitrary commands under the privileges of
the web server.

The problem specifically exists when the application is running as a
CGI script on a web server. The "configdir" parameter contains
unfiltered user-supplied data that is utilized in a call to the Perl
routine open() as can be seen here on line 1082 of awstats.pl:

    if (open(CONFIG,"$searchdir$PROG.$SiteConfig.conf"))

The "searchdir" variables hold the value of the parameter provided by
the attacker from "configdir." An attacker can cause arbitrary commands
to be executed by prefixing them with the "|" character.

ANALYSIS

Successful exploitation allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary
commands under the privileges of the web server. This can lead to
further compromise as it provides remote attackers with local access.

DETECTION

iDEFENSE has confirmed that AWStats versions 6.1 and 6.2 are vulnerable.
It is believed that versions 5.7 through 6.2 are all vulnerable.

WORKAROUND

Add a filter around the "configdir" parameter by replacing the following
line:

    if ($QueryString =~ /configdir=([^&]+)/i)
    {
        $DirConfig=&DecodeEncodedString("$1");
    }

With:

    if ($QueryString =~ /configdir=([^&]+)/i)
    {
        $DirConfig=&DecodeEncodedString("$1");
        $DirConfig=~tr/a-z0-9_-/./a-z0-9_-/./cd;
    }

VENDOR RESPONSE

This vulnerability is addressed in AWStats 6.3, available for download
at:

   http://awstats.sourceforge.net/#DOWNLOAD

CVE INFORMATION

A Mitre Corp. Common Vulnerabilities and Exposures (CVE) number has not
been assigned yet.

DISCLOSURE TIMELINE

10/21/2004   Initial vendor notification
01/02/2005   Initial vendor response
01/17/2005   Public disclosure

CREDIT

The discoverer of this vulnerability wishes to remain anonymous.

Get paid for vulnerability research
http://www.idefense.com/poi/teams/vcp.jsp

LEGAL NOTICES

Copyright © 2005 Verisign, Inc.

Permission is granted for the redistribution of this alert
electronically. It may not be edited in any way without the express
written consent of iDEFENSE. If you wish to reprint the whole or any
part of this alert in any other medium other than electronically, please
email customerservice@idefense.com for permission.

Disclaimer: The information in the advisory is believed to be accurate
at the time of publishing based on currently available information. Use
of the information constitutes acceptance for use in an AS IS condition.
There are no warranties with regard to this information. Neither the
author nor the publisher accepts any liability for any direct, indirect,
or consequential loss or damage arising from use of, or reliance on,
this information.