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MPlayer Remote RTSP Heap Overflow Vulnerability

12.16.04

BACKGROUND

MPlayer is a movie player for Linux that also runs on many other Unices,
and non- x86 CPUs. It plays most MPEG, VOB, AVI, Ogg/OGM, VIVO,
ASF/WMA/WMV, QT/MOV/MP4, FLI, RM, NuppelVideo, YUV4MPEG, FILM, RoQ, PVA
files, supported by many native, XAnim, and Win32 DLL codecs. You can
watch VideoCD, SVCD, DVD, 3ivx, DivX 3/4/5 and other formats.

More information is available at http://mplayerhq.hu/.

DESCRIPTION

Remote exploitation of a buffer overflow vulnerability in Unix MPlayer
could allow remote users to gain access to the computer.

The vulnerability specifically exists due to an error in dynamically
allocating memory in /libmpdemux/realrtsp/real.c. The vulnerable code
follows:

rmff_header_t  *real_setup_and_get_header(rtsp_t *rtsp_session, uint32_t
bandwidth) {
  char *description=NULL;
  char *session_id=NULL;
  rmff_header_t *h;
  char *challenge1;
  char challenge2[64];
  char checksum[34];
  char *subscribe;
  char *buf = xbuffer_init(256);
  char *mrl=rtsp_get_mrl(rtsp_session);
  unsigned int size;
  int status;

[...]
  if (!rtsp_search_answers(rtsp_session,"Content-length"))
    printf("real: got no Content-length!n");
  else
[!]  size=atoi(rtsp_search_answers(rtsp_session,"Content-length"));
[...]
  description=malloc(sizeof(char)*(size+1));

  if( rtsp_read_data(rtsp_session, description, size) <= 0) {
      buf = xbuffer_free(buf);
    return NULL;
  }
  description[size]=0;
[...]
}      

If a malicious server specifies a content-length of -1 for the stream,
only 4 bytes are allocated due to an integer overflow. An arbitrary
length stream of data is then copied into that 4 byte buffer,
corrupting the heap and allowing for possible code execution
       

ANALYSIS

Remote exploitation of this vulnerability is difficult because success
requires a great deal of precision. If remote exploitation were
successful, the attacker would be able to gain access with the
privileges of the user who attempted to play the media file.

DETECTION

iDEFENSE has confirmed that MPlayer version 1.0pre5 is vulnerable.

The following distributions of Linux include MPlayer:
 
 Gentoo Linux
 SUSE Linux

WORKAROUND

Users must be careful when accepting and opening media from untrusted
sources. Do not accept media from those you do not trust. Do not stream
media from servers you do not trust.

VENDOR RESPONSE

A patch to address this vulnerability is available at:

http://www1.mplayerhq.hu/MPlayer/patches/rtsp_fix_20041215.diff

CVE INFORMATION

A Mitre Corp. Common Vulnerabilities and Exposures (CVE) number has not
been assigned yet.

DISCLOSURE TIMELINE

12/10/2004   Initial vendor notification
12/16/2004   Public disclosure

CREDIT

The discoverer of this vulnerability wishes to remain anonymous.

Get paid for vulnerability research
http://www.idefense.com/poi/teams/vcp.jsp

LEGAL NOTICES

Copyright © 2004 Verisign, Inc.

Permission is granted for the redistribution of this alert
electronically. It may not be edited in any way without the express
written consent of iDEFENSE. If you wish to reprint the whole or any
part of this alert in any other medium other than electronically, please
email customerservice@idefense.com for permission.

Disclaimer: The information in the advisory is believed to be accurate
at the time of publishing based on currently available information. Use
of the information constitutes acceptance for use in an AS IS condition.
There are no warranties with regard to this information. Neither the
author nor the publisher accepts any liability for any direct, indirect,
or consequential loss or damage arising from use of, or reliance on,
this information.