Exchangeable image file format (Exif) is an industry standard image tagging technology used by many digital camera devices. libexif is an open source library for handling the Exif format. More information can be found at the URLs shown below.
Remote exploitation of an integer overflow vulnerability in libexif, as included in various vendors' operating system distributions, could allow attackers to crash the process or execute arbitrary code.
The problem manifests when parsing a tagged image with a large number of Exif components. Applications using this library are susceptible to a heap overflow when an integer overflow is triggered in the exif_data_load_data_entry function.
Exploitation requires that a targeted user process a malicious image using one of several available tools that utilize libexif for Exif tag parsing. These tools include, but are not limited to, several applications included in the GNOME and KDE desktops.
iDefense confirmed the existence of this vulnerability in versions 0.6.13 through 0.6.15 of libexif.
iDefense is currently unaware of any workarounds for this issue.
The libexif maintainers have released version 0.6.16 of libexif to address this vulnerability.
The Common Vulnerabilities and Exposures (CVE) project has assigned the name CVE-2006-4168 to this issue. This is a candidate for inclusion in the CVE list (http://cve.mitre.org/), which standardizes names for security problems.
08/16/2006 Initial vendor notification
06/05/2007 Second vendor notification
06/11/2007 Initial vendor response
06/13/2007 Coordinated public disclosure
This vulnerability was discovered by Sean Larsson (iDefense Labs).
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Copyright © 2007 Verisign, Inc.
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